Providing sufficient and convenient cycle parking at people's homes, places of employment, shops, key community locations and transport hubs for residents, workers and visitors is critical to encouraging more people to cycle. The range and type of cycles are diversifying, and it is important to ensure parking provision can accommodate all types of cycles in a way that is accessible to all, covered, safe, and secure. This policy sets out the standards and quantities of cycle parking that new development must provide.
- You supported a requirement for high levels of cycle parking in new development.
- You suggested that a percentage of parking should be suitable for larger cycles and charging points should be provided for electric bikes.
- There was a comment that high-volume two-tier stacking arrangements may not be suitable for all cycles or users.
- You supported the exploration of innovative solutions through the detailed design process, integrated into the public realm in a way that prevents cluttered sprawl and facilitates and encourages cycling as the obvious choice.
How your comments have been taken into account
- In line with your comments, the proposed policy requires cycle parking in excess of the adopted Local Plan standards, but without specifying the minimum levels to be provided to allow for site-specific solutions. This is considered a better option than new more stringent minimum cycle parking standards, as this could over-provide where a mix of uses are planned and may preclude shared provision of parking which is more efficient when the demand may be spread over different times during the day. Applicants will need to demonstrate that they have fully considered the appropriate levels to provide cycle parking within the Design and Access Statement and Travel Plan that accompany their planning applications to demonstrate that they will meet the trip budget.
- A percentage of cycle parking is required to be provided for non-standard cycles.
- The policy also requires innovative solutions such as shared parking between different land uses, a proportion of the spaces provided to able to accommodate different types of cycles, and that consideration is given to whether provision needs to be made for electric charging points and maintenance facilities.
Cycle parking should be provided in excess of the minimum standards set out in Appendix L of the adopted Cambridge Local Plan (2018). At least 5-10% of cycle parking provision should be designed to accommodate non-standard cycles and should consider appropriate provision for electric charging points.
Cycle parking infrastructure must be provided in a manner that is convenient to both new and adjacent residential and business communities, flexible, safe, secure, and integral to the public realm, in accordance with Policy HQ/1 in the adopted South Cambridgeshire Local Plan (2018) and Policy 59 in the adopted Cambridge Local Plan (2018). Long-stay parking should also be covered.
Innovative solutions to cycle parking infrastructure are encouraged, including shared spaces where the location and patterns of use permit, and incorporation of cycle maintenance facilities.
The developer must provide clear justification in the Design and Access Statement and/or Travel Plan for the level and type of cycle parking infrastructure proposed to demonstrate it will meet the trip budget outlined in Policy 22: Managing motorised vehicles.
Relevant Objective: 1, 4
Cycle parking will be provided to levels in excess of adopted Cambridge Local Plan (2018) standards, reflecting the low car nature of the city district, the need to meet the trip budget for the development (Policy 22: Managing motorised vehicles ) and to facilitate active travel. This will assist in encouraging more people to cycle for journeys in the knowledge that they will be assured of a safe and secure place to park their cycle at each end of their journey.
The design of cycle parking must be considered at the outset to ensure it is appropriately integrated into the development and public realm and located so that it is more convenient than access to car parking and to minimise conflict between cycles, pedestrians and vehicles.
Where possible, level access should be provided and sufficient space within which to easily manoeuvre cycles of all types. Short-stay and visitor parking should be provided within 15 metres of the main site entrance, where possible. Consideration should be given to integrating public cycle maintenance facilities, including a pump and tools. All parking must be secure (for example with root fixed stands), flexible, safe to use, and long-stay parking should be covered.
Non-standard cycles are non-conventional upright cycles, which have different cycle parking requirements due to their different shape, size or bulk. These include tandem, cargo cycle, box bikes, hand cycle, adapted cycles, electric cycle, electrically assisted pedal cycle, adult trike, recumbent cycles, cycles with various additions such as baskets, paniers and child seats.
The range and type of cycles are diversifying to accommodate a wider range of users and abilities. Electric cycles are helping to make cycling accessible to people who previously did not cycle and for journeys over longer distances. Most charging is done at home or in the workplace as the battery is removable, but consideration should be given to appropriate provision for electric charging points. Cycle parking must include capacity for all types of cycles with at least 5-10% of parking for non-standard cycles such as cargo cycles and cycles with trailers; the former can be secured through the provision of low bar / anchor loop stands which are unsuitable for standard cycles.
For residential purposes cycle parking should be within lockers or cycle stands within a lockable, covered enclosure within or adjacent to the building. Space should be flexible enough to accommodate non-standard cycles, such as cargo cycles and/or securely store cycle trailers. Visitor parking should be provided for at the front of properties.
It is recommended that supporting facilities are provided where long-stay cyclists require them, i.e. places of employment. Supporting facilities include lockers, drying rooms, showers and changing rooms, as well as charging facilities for electric cycle batteries.
Space should also be provided to accommodate dockless cycle hire schemes and electric cycle schemes. Whilst these cycles do not need to be secured to cycle stands, to reduce street clutter, allocated space (for approximately 1 to 3 cycles) should be provided in convenient locations, such as adjacent to visitor parking and at travel hubs (see Policy 19: Safeguarding for Cambridge Autonomous Metro and Public Transport).
Innovative solutions are encouraged, and some flexibility will be applied to applications where it can be demonstrated that strict adherence to the standards within mixed-use areas is likely to result in a duplication of provision.
Guidance on the design principles and dimensions for new cycle parking provision is contained within Cambridge City Council's Cycle Parking Guide for New Residential Developments.
- Number of cycle parking spaces provided for standard cycles and non-standard cycles
- Number of cycle maintenance facilities provided
- Policy 59: Designing landscape and the public realm
- Policy 82: Parking management
- Appendix L: Car and cycle parking requirements
- Policy TI/3: Parking Provision
- Policy HQ/1: Design Principles